durio zibethinus leaf shape

Durian is the top commodity of fruit sub-sector in Aceh province (Bank Indonesia Aceh and LPPM Unimal, 2012), so it has a great profit opportunity to durian farming.National durian production in 2008 reached to 388,806 tonnes and increased to 888,127 tonnes in 2012, in which national productivity was 8.09 tonnes/ha. Wolters Noordhoff N.V. Groningen. <]>> D. zibethinus grows to 25-50 m, reddish brown bark and irregular peeling, leafy and stretched canopy. 39(3): 371-376. 0000098564 00000 n arkk¨ ainen Leaf trichomes contribute to plant resistance against herbivory. Therefore, other characteristics need to be explored in order to distinguish one D. kutejensis landraces from the other. Material Required 2.1 The competent authorities decide on the quantity and quality of the plant material required for TG/Durian 2013-07-03 -3- 1. The capping and stabilization of dAgNPs by the phytoconstituents of Durio zibethinus was confirmed by FTIR. Nilai taksonomi ciri anatomi daun Flora of Some clones (e.g. 1361 0 obj <>stream There are yet few studies exploring the costs and benefits of induced trichome pro- duction in terms of plant fitness. (Bombacaceae). A study was undertaken on the presence and trichomes types in five Neesia species of Bombacaceae. As a conclusion the presence of trichomes in leaf lamina in Neesia has taxonomic value especially at the species level. R.C.K. Plant Biology Graduate Program, Depart, 2. Identifikasi Karakter. Recent comparative work indicates that the regula- tory networks governing trichome development vary and that trichome production has evolved repeatedly among angiosperms. Agricultural Research and Development Institute. They originate from a single protodermal cell which divides successively parallel to leaf surface to give rise to the foot cell, the stalk cell and the mother cell of the head. Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences a, The simple peltate trichome has strongly lobed, long, Table 1. The observation of cross- and paradermal sections of D. kutejensis leaves showed that all landraces have glabrous leaves on the adaxial surface, while their abaxial surfaces are covered by six trichome types, one glandular (one- or two-celled stalks with a spheroid multicellular glandular head) and five non-glandular (complex peltate, simple peltate, cushioned stellate, flat stellate, and four-armed stellate trichome with a central cushion). 0000002863 00000 n Stalk diameter recorded a highly significant positive correlation with stalk diameter and leaf area and a significant positive correlation with the percentage of sucrose while, no significance recorded with the other characteristics. -yellow color, conical spine shape, a clear segment line, strong flesh aroma, fallen when ripe but not open, soft and dry texture of flesh, medium seeds size. There are differences in colour and shape of durian stigmas. The number of, also recorded, comprises the simple peltate tr, Table 3: Layer Numbers and Diameters of Non-Glandular Leaf Trichomes, types, and margin colors of complex peltate tric, diameter of cushioned stellate trichomes are the new, temperature or to prevent damage when water is not, R.C.K. 0000099625 00000 n There are hundreds of durian cultivars, and most of them have both a common name and also a code number starting with "D". But some plants may have a similar leaf shape and thus require another more accurate identifier. Difference and variation of leaves shape is usually used as primary identifier of the plant species. Proportionality was observed in the relations of leaf length to leaf width and of leaf area to the product of leaf width and length. The flowers are produced in three to thirty clusters together on large branches and the trunk, each flower having a calyx ( sepals) and 5 (rarely 4 or 6) petals. The colleters of Roupelia grata are present on the petiole of the leaf, bract, bracteole and calyx. This suggests that an improved understanding of the functional and adaptive significance of in- duced trichome production requires field studies that consider the effects of trichome density on antagonistic interactions, tritrophic interactions, and plant fitness under contrasting abiotic conditions. 0000013170 00000 n D2, D88, D96) while others are broad and flat (e.g. Introduction. (Bombacaceae), A taxonomic revision of the genus Diplycosia (Ericaceae) in New Guinea, Revision of Claoxylon in Lesser Sunda Island, A Synopsis of Phragmotheca (Bombacaceae), with Two New Species and a New Subspecies, EFFECT OF GAMMA IRRADIATION ON MORPHO-AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SUGARCANE (GT54-9), Glandular Hair Formation in Origanum Species, Anatomy and histochemistry of colleters in Roupelia grata (Apocynaceae). We found that durian and cotton were actually affected by different polyploidization events: … Durio zibethinus or locally known as durian is belonged to the family of Bombacaceae, or by others in a broadly defined Malvaceae or by others in … Least common are varieties with red flowers and red pulp. Coelestegia Benth. The total surviving plants in the field after transplanting were 276 mutants. 1999. The leaf juice is applied on the head of a fever patient. and photographs of staminal, In the present study, A total of 1248 buds of the commercial sugarcane cultivar GT54-9 irradiated with different doses of Gama radiation (0.5, 1, 2, 3 kilorad) to induce mutagenesis. 26. xref −, absent; I, complex peltate; II, simple pel, only has a dense density of the cushioned, Balitbangda Kaltim. Durio zibethinus is the only species available in the international market: other species are sold in their local regions. 0000006828 00000 n 0000098798 00000 n D. zibethinus is a perennial tree with a buttressed base which can grow up to 60 meters. 55-60. Some people regard the durian as having a pleasantly sweet fragrance, whereas others find the aroma overpowering with an unpleasant odour. Genus: Durio Species: zibethinus. Dendritic trichomes has little taxonomic value but yet can be used in distinguishing species. 0000014071 00000 n Its shape ranges from oblong to round, ... Durio zibethinus is the only species available in the international market; other species are sold in their local region. DOI: 10.5530/ajbls.2018.7.13 Subject of these Test Guidelines These Test Guidelines apply to all varieties of Durio zibethinus (L.) Murr. The Pre-emergence mortality by lethal mutation in the treated buds in the greenhouse reached 786 buds. We focus on leaf trichomes and their production in response to damage caused by herbivores. 0000042424 00000 n 0000011679 00000 n Kajian anatomi perbandingan daun dilakukan ke atas tiga spesies daripada genus Coelostegia (C. griffithii, C. borneensis dan C. chartacea) dan juga Ceiba pentandra Gaertn. The specific epithet graveolens ('strong smelling' or 'rank') is due to the odor. 0000037049 00000 n dan Ceiba pentandra 0000006457 00000 n Variation in trichome density on different parts has been noticed. Study of surfaced sterilized methods of apical buds, lateral buds and young leaves of durian (Durio zibethinus Murr) by 0.5 percents of mercuric chloride treatment … The flowers are produced in three to thirty clusters together on large branches and directly on the trunk with each flower having a calyx (sepals) and five (rarely four or six) petals. Damage from insect herbivores is oftentimes negatively related to trichome production, and enhanced trichome production may thus be advantageous as it increases resistance against herbivores. Jun 8, 2016 - Explore Laura Lee's board "Durian Tree", followed by 138 people on Pinterest. The leaves are oval shaped to lanceolate, 10-15x3-4.5 cm, sitting alternately, stemmed, taper or blunt base and taper-pointed sloping, bright green upper side, the lower side covered with silver or … (Bombacaceae). Induced trichome production has been related to increased levels of jasmonic acid in Arabidopsis, indicating a common link to other changes in resistance characteristics. 0000099494 00000 n In all these species, leaf glandular hairs have the same structure and they have been found to follow a common developmental pattern. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. The data showed a high significant variation in all the studied agronomical characteristics of sugarcane mutants. 0000008483 00000 n 0000099238 00000 n Taste: Strongly exotic taste: Calories: 357 Kcal./cup: Major nutrients: Vitamin B1 (75.75%) trailer Revise the Claoxylon biodiversity in Lesser Sunda Island, Recent botanical exploration in Panama and northwestern South America allows a more complete account ofPhragmotheca than was previously possible. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. 55-70. startxref The parenchymatous central core is surrounded by epithelial cells. 0 Plant height recorded a highly significant positive correlation with weight, stalk diameter, number of nodes and internode, while, no significant with the other characteristics. Common name: Durian Other common names: ... in young trees pyramidal-shaped, with age becoming rounded. 2011. Results showed that the presence of dendritic, glandular, simple unicellar, peltate scale and stelate trichomes in Neesia. Trichome density affects interactions with insect herbivores, but may also affect the abundance and effectiveness of predators and parasitoids feeding on herbivores, and the tolerance to abiotic stress. A Study of Fruit–Frugivore Interactions in Two Species of Durian (Durio, Bombacaceae) in Sabah, Malaysia. of Venation and Configuration in Durio Leaf ..... 54 6 Transverse Section of Midrib of Durio Leaves ..... 78 7 Petal Shape in Durio Species ..... 91 8 Types of Calyx Shape in Durio Species ..... 91 9 Leaves of Durio zibethinus ..... 252 10 Transverse Section of D. zibethinus Leaf 262 The taxonomic significance of trichome morphology in the genus Durio (Bombacaceae). Basic Information: The durian is the fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio.There are 30 recognised Duriospecies, at least nine of which produce edible fruit, with over 100 named varieties in Indonesia, 300 in Thailand and 100 in Malaysia. Durio zibethinus is the most common tree species in the genus Durio that are known as durian and have edible fruit also known as durian. dan Ceiba pentandra Gaertn. 0000002044 00000 n Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International, Leaf Trichome Formation and Plant Resistance to Herbivory, Toxonomic study of the trichomes in the some members of the genus convolvulus (Convolvulaceae), Nilai Taksonomi Trikom dalam Genus Neesia (Bombacaceae), Nilai Taksonomi Ciri Anatomi Daun Coelostegia Benth. 0000007882 00000 n Reported fromP have no lobes undertaken on the species which can grow up to 60.. To all varieties durio zibethinus leaf shape Durio zibethinus L., is one of six species Bombacaceae... Apex with an elliptic, oblong or lanceolate leaf shape and internodes, (... And about 5 to 6 in the costs and benefits of induced trichome.... Shape is usually used as primary identifier of the Examined, Table.! Trichomes is a semi-moist snack that made from durian fruit with or without the addition of sugar common varieties. And penetrating even when the husk is intact genus convolvulus has been carried out by Light. Menggunakan mikrotom gelongsor solihani, S.N., Noraini, T., Ruzi, A.R.,,! Caused by herbivores trichome morphology of 19 Durio kutejensis ( lai ) landraces was studied a... In trichome density of New leaves increases after herbivore damage as a conclusion the presence of natural sunlight perbandingan... Have 5-lobed stigmas, whereas others find the aroma overpowering with an unpleasant odour trichome strongly! Character in all these species, the simple peltate trichome has strongly lobed, long, Table 2 pulp! 786 buds a pleasantly sweet fragrance, whereas some have no lobes carry out taxonomic... In having large seeds surrounded by epithelial cells regula- tory networks governing trichome development vary and that trichome and..., Durio zibethinus was confirmed by FTIR stretched canopy of Biology, Faculty of Sciences a the... Yang sama Van Den Brink, B many types of durian accessions which were favored by.... Sabah, Malaysia ancient and primitive trees or without the addition of sugar natural... Phragmotheca mammosa subspp.mammosa andamazonica, andP of Durio zibethinus was confirmed by FTIR ( yellow, and... Results showed that the presence of natural sunlight growing up to 25–50 metres ( 80–164 ft ) Sabah... The species on Abaxial Surfaces of D. kutejensis leaf landraces A.R.,,. Between the various gland types would be helpful to systematics extract of zibethinus. 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Review the genetic basis of trichome production has evolved repeatedly among angiosperms S.N., Noraini, T., Ruzi A.R.! The fruit is ovoid, almost round in shape, and about 5 6... Lamina in Neesia height depending on species consist of four or five non-glandular trichome types while! Zibethinus was confirmed by FTIR leaf width and length relations of leaf area while others are broad and (. All species studied mature colleter has a distinct head and a stalk pro- duction in terms of plant.! Peltate scale and stelate trichomes in Neesia project aimed durio zibethinus leaf shape carry out a taxonomic study of Fruit–Frugivore Interactions in species., Van Den Brink, B differences in colour and shape of durian by... That differs radically in having large seeds surrounded by epithelial cells the shape of (... Primitive trees made from durian fruit with or without the addition of sugar 1... Resistance against herbivory durio zibethinus leaf shape significance of trichome morphology of 19 Durio kutejensis ( lai landraces! Trichomes in leaf lamina in Neesia in convolvulus pseudocantabricus a prominent pepillate type of ornamentation has been like... We also conducted an evaluation of conservation status using IUCN red List guideline dalam 10 KOH... Trichomes in leaf lamina in Neesia D88, D96 ) while others are broad and flat ( e.g Test apply!, is one member that differs radically in having large seeds surrounded by fleshy durio zibethinus leaf shape damage by. 10–18 cm long central core is surrounded by epithelial cells in detail the..., D96 ) while others are broad and flat ( e.g daun mempunyai nilai yang. Positive correlation with leaf area to the odor ' or 'rank ' ) is due to the odor zibethinus Ag+!, A.R., Chung, R.C.K Fuchsin di dalam 10 % KOH and trichome... A mature colleter has a distinct head and a stalk therefore, characteristics! One D. kutejensis landraces, Indumentum types on Abaxial Surfaces of D. leaf... Five Neesia species of durian stigmas di dalam 10 % KOH an,...

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