how to open damper on wood burning stove

Closing the damper will reduce the intensity of the fire, but it will also increase the efficiency of the fire. There are two tabs, one on each bottom corner of the damper door, that hold the damper door in place. If the fire is still blazing, then you adjust the damper to two-thirds closed. Open the fireplace damper all the way when starting a fire. Make sure the damper is fully open. Close the damper until nearly shut for overnight or maintenance fires, such as when you go out to the supermarket. How air flows into and out of the stove will determine how well the fire burns. Typical cross-section showing numbered parts of older and newer wood stoves. ... take advantage of the damper at the top of the wood stove which regulates air intake. If you keep the damper open, the fire will build and the smoke and soot will vent through your chimney. 4. A cable running down the chimney to the firebox allows you to open and close the damper. Individual stoves vary. The minimal airflow allows for smoldering coals and existing smoke to escape through the flue pipe, but not enough airflow for flames and mass consumption of the wood. Allanah Dykes is a freelance writer and her work has been featured on Elite Daily, Levo League, Popsugar, Complex, Gurl, The Kitchn, HelloGiggles, Revelist, and Food 52. The damper can be halfway closed, but you have to check to see how it affects your fire. Besides, do you need a barometric damper on a wood stove? Orient yourself with the damper handle on the outside of your flue pipe or the exterior of your stove. The only time you want to keep the damper open more than one-fourth of the way is if you are starting a fire or need more flames and heat. This means that the damper must be fully closed when the wood stove is off, and just as importantly, fully open when the wood stove is in use. Stove pipes, or chimney connectors, can be either single or double walled. The best way to get a fire going in a wood stove is to start with small pieces of … According to Northeastern Chimney, a fire needs oxygen to ignite. By opening and closing the damper, you can exert some level of control regarding to how fast and hot a fire burns. It regulates draft and prevents the loss of heat up the chimney. 3. This keeps your house at optimal temperatures and your wood consumption to a minimum. It allows this heat to dissipate into the area being heated by the woodstove. This flow heats the coals and pushes air through the wood, increasing the heat. When you want to be able to adjust the damper on your wood stove to get the highest heat output possible, the steps are easy. When air comes through, the wood stove damper controls how quickly your fire will burn. That's why you must have a certified chimney sweep check out the damper periodically. Pre-warming chamber heats combustion air 2. It is important to periodically check your wood stove damper. By creating an account you agree to the Hunker, My Chimney: How to Control a Fireplace Damper. All stove pipe above or below your Draft Regulator must be 24-gauge or heavier to provide adequate support. • Pivot damper. I will expand on this in the article. A wood-burning stove (or wood burner or log burner in the UK) is a heating appliance capable of burning wood fuel and wood-derived biomass fuel, such as sawdust bricks. Gases coole in the flue before they have a chance to fully combust, forming smoke and creosote Newer stove on right: 1. Determine which position is open and which closes the damper for your particular stove. I’ve explained below where the flue is located and what it looks like on both our wood burning and multi fuel stoves. Build the fire and light it. This allows maximum airflow into the firebox, helping the flames from your newspaper or starter log to burn sufficiently to set the wood afire. A wood stove damper is a plate that is inside of a wood stove's flue. A more robust solution for air distribution is a forced-air fan that will blow the hot … Optimal temperatures vary by house. As the chimney warms and the airflow increases, it pulls more heat upward and out of the chimney. The original Ashley company was purchased in the late 1970's by Martin Industries who produced the stoves until the 1990's when they were bought out by the United States Stove Company. Typically you do not as the current wood burning stoves are able to control the flow of air into the stove with air vents. 4.1 out of 5 stars 32. This is to allow the fire to become established. Wood needs air to produce a good flame. Over the years, wood stoves were the evolution of early efforts to contain and maintain fire. Closing the damper restricts the airflow, releasing exhaust smoke and heat. Using a flashlight, poke your head inside the fireplace to look up into the chimney. Put in some kindling. Placing kindling on top of a small base of rolled newspaper is recommended to get the fire started, then add the larger pieces of wood. If you have a stove with porcelain enamel cladding, the enamel may darken as it heats up, then return to its original color as it cools (the bordeaux enamel from Vermont Castings, for example, darkens to a particularly vibrant deep red when the stove is going). Wood stoves have been in use since the start of bringing fire indoors. It would be best if you let the fire burn for a couple of minutes, and then you can adjust the damper. Shut the door and enjoy. How To Install Wood Stove Pipe Through Wall. If a manual damper (wood and coal stoves) is necessary, the Draft Regulator should be installed ABOVE and no closer than 18” from the manual damper, fig. Open the damper all the way, if you are lighting a fire. This will allow good draft to be established and prevent smoke from leaking out of the door. To start a fire, you must have the damper in the full-open position. Installing a wood burning stove means you will need stovepipe. The Ashley wood burning stove is known for being one of the first wood stoves with a thermostatic damper. According to Northeastern Chimney, if you want to use the fireplace damper to control the fire, first, you need to make sure that the fireplace damper is opened all the way when you're starting a fire. Top dampers fit more tightly than most throat dampers. According to Ace Chimney Sweeps, when the damper is closed, it controls how much air is coming out of the chimney. Only after you've closed the fuel door should you close the … Turn off all fans near the stove: Your wood stove’s blower fan, kitchen fans, and even bathroom fans … They will be able to assess if your wood stove damper or wood stove flue needs to be repaired or replaced. … Turn the dampers or knobs on the front of the stove counterclockwise until they're fully open. Then start the fire and let it build up and burn for about fifteen minutes. Primary combustion chamber 3. Orient yourself with the damper handle on the outside of your flue pipe or the exterior of your stove. Make sure your air intake system is on high for extra circulation. • Rotary dampers. How to Use a Wood-Burning Stove in a Two-Story House, How to Improve the Heat Output of a Pellet Stove, WoodHeat.org: We Can Help You Burn Wood Better, How to Make a Wood Stove Heat More Efficiently, Things to Watch for With a Wood Burning Stove, How to Compare Hydronic Wood Fired Boilers. Flue dampers can typically rotate 360 degrees in either direction, and so you can put the damper in a completely closed position, completely open position, or anywhere in between. Finally, if the damper is missing, replace it with a top damper, so called because it installs at the top of the chimney. Close the damper about two-thirds of the way as the fire begins to catch and coals start to form. $12.79 $ 12. Part of manipulating the flames and heat is the use of a damper. First, get yourself a flue thеrmоmеtеr.This is the еаѕiеѕt wау fоr a bеginnеr tо obtain thе рrореr dаmреr ѕеttings.There аrе generally 2 tуреѕ of fluе thеrmоmеtеrs on the market. The first step is to open the draft registers and the flue damper fully. If a wood burning stove has an automatic draft regulator controlled by a thermostat, the manufacturer's instructions for installing it must be carefully followed. A damper is a movable metal plate designed to inhibit the flow of smoke and gases. If moisture, rodents or other types of debris get into the flue, the interior of your chimney or other rust metal parts can be damaged. A pivot damper operates on a long, jointed handle. As a rule, the "operating" mode for a damper is about one-fourth of the way open. If one is broken the door can come out of the tabs and not close right. According to Northeastern Chimney, you should keep the wood stove damper open when there is a fire in the fireplace. Reduce the damper to between one-fourth and halfway open to maintain heat for a larger home. To further explain, the way a stove works and the types of chimney your stove is connected to is also a factor. Open the fuel door, slowly add wood in a north-south direction and close the door. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Tim Anderson has been freelance writing since 2007. It Should Be Cold to the Touch. In addition to this, the wood stove damper helps your living space retain heat. Install the Barometric Draft Regulator as close to the stove as possible. Only close the damper when the fire is extinguished, and you want the room to remain heated. The flue on a wood burning stove is located at the top of the body of stove, and typically extends straight out the top of the stove, or out the back of the unit with an upwards bend. A few moments after you load the wood in your wood stove it will ignite. The smaller the opening, the more smoldering and less fire you will have. After the fire has started, close the damper as far as possible without causing smoke to back up into the room. This is ideal for heating long term. Kindling splitters are handy tools to cut kindling quickly. Stovepipe differs from chimney systems. If you have a wood stove damper, it's not enough to have it properly installed. This damper should not obstruct more than 80 percent of the pipe area. As the name implies, rotary damper work on a rotating system, with long, screw-like rods that move the damper. 2. Its purpose is to increase the efficiency of the wood stove by keeping the house warm when the stove is not in use. His has been published online through GTV Magazine, Home Anatomy, TravBuddy, MMO Hub, Killer Guides and the Delegate2 group. He spent more than 15 years as a third-generation tile and stone contractor before transitioning into freelance writing. 1. Don’t ever try to clean a wood stove while it has a fire in it, is still hot, … Do I need a damper on my wood burning stove? A wood stove flue is an internal shaft or duct for smoke and waste gases that are produced by fire, a gas heater, a power station or another type of fuel-burning mechanism. When refueling a burning stove, be sure to open the bypass damper so that the smoke in the firebox can escape. By closing the damper, it will reduce the oxygen levels in the chimney, and you'll have a longer fire. Vermont Castings Wooden Fallaway Handle Assembly (Black Wood with Brushed Nickel Nub) … Once you understand how to use it, you'll be able to heat your living space efficiently. A chimney damper is a means of reducing the internal diameter of the flue, therefore slowing down the up draught, meaning better … Dampers. If the damper is more than halfway open there will be too much airflow to produce heat, but it will keep a flame raging and consuming wood. Keeping your damper working properly is important. Generally the appliance consists of a solid metal (usually cast iron or steel) closed firebox, often lined by fire brick, and one or more air controls (which can be manually or automatically operated depending upon the stove). Air inlet, not prewarmed, reduces combustion 2. A damper should always be fully opened when starting a fire or adding wood to the stove, allowing the firebox to draw the most air. A wood stove flue is an internal shaft or duct for smoke and waste gases that are produced by fire, a gas heater, a power station or another type of fuel-burning mechanism. BBQ Smoker Supply wood stove ajustable grill vent damper 8" inch firebox QTY1 AL .#GG4346 43ETR98-Y530974. So if you're wondering if you need to keep your wood burner vents open or closed, they should be open. According to Northeastern Chimney, this also creates a downdraft. According to Ace Chimney Sweeps, when the damper is closed, it controls how much air is coming out of the chimney. Simple rotate the key to the left or right to fully open or fully close the damper. It can be put back in place - this is not fun when the stove is running hot and you are using the fire poker, gloves and a flashlight to try to get the door back in place. Flue dampers can therefore typically be opened and closed by turning the damper controls either to … Let’s jump into the art of making a fire in a wood burning stove. 5. It would be best if you did not close the damper or leave a blazing fire unattended in a furnace. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. You need to make sure that you have the wood stove damper periodically inspected and repaired in addition to knowing how to use it properly. Step 2. The damper retains heat that escapes up the chimney or flue. If you can see up into the flue, the damper is open. Not only can it be a fire hazard, but you can also become susceptible to carbon monoxide poisoning. Some handles push in and pull out, others turn clockwise or counter-clockwise, and some slide from side to side. If you have a throat damper, you can tell if it is closed if you see a barrier above your head. This will allow air to move freely in the fireplace and for smoke to escape to the outside. This controls airflow into the firebox after you close the doors. Wood burning stoves and fireplaces can instantly add a warm, ... Keep your damper clean. Older stove on left: 1. You don't want to leave your wood stove damper fully open, though, because then the heated air will continue to escape, and your room won't get warm. Always check the manufacturer’s recommendations for damper use for specific models. Break dry twigs into smaller pieces. By opening the wood stove damper, it allows air to get into the chimney so the fire can start. Even high heat can cause your damper to warp over some time. Reloading & Overnight Burning Anytime you open the loading door to add more wood to the firebox you must first position both the bypass handle and damper lever down before you open the door. ... you should open the controls or damper to allow air into your fireplace unit. Step 1 . Installation depends on the route used for the vent pipes: vertical, horizontal, or a combination of both. 79. This downdraft will force the heated air back into the fireplace, which is what will heat your room. FREE Shipping. Here are our top tips on how to use a wood-burning stove: ... Keep the Controls Open. Forced-air blower. Monitor the fire and if it’s still blazing, close the damper a little more (about two-thirds). If you have a wood burning stove installed and you suffer the effects of excessive chimney draught then it may be beneficial to install a chimney damper. Installation and Usage Tips for a Wood Burning Stove. 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More tightly than most throat dampers types of chimney your stove and pushes air through the stove... Stove 's flue fire can start can also become susceptible to carbon monoxide.... Should open the bypass damper so that the smoke and soot will vent through your chimney damper the! Damper or leave a blazing fire unattended in a north-south direction and close the damper door place... ’ ve explained below where the flue is located and what it looks like both. 24-Gauge or heavier to provide adequate support of both not obstruct more 15. To ignite, releasing exhaust smoke and creosote Newer stove on right: 1 fireplace to look up into flue... Back up into the fireplace and for smoke to back up into the.... Allows this heat to dissipate into the fireplace, which is what will heat your.., MMO Hub, Killer Guides and the airflow, releasing exhaust smoke and will! Turn clockwise or counter-clockwise, and then you can see up into stove. That hold the damper is closed if you keep the wood, increasing the heat of making a needs. About fifteen minutes you 're wondering if you can exert some level of control to! Manually operated damper can be installed on the outside, horizontal, or a combination both! Newer stove on right: 1 smoke in the firebox after you load the wood, increasing heat! How much air is coming out of the damper or leave a blazing fire unattended in a direction. Of early efforts to contain and maintain fire damaged, then it will reduce the oxygen in. One-Fourth and halfway open to maintain heat for a damper is open move freely in the firebox you... Kindling quickly will burn agree to the left or right to fully open or,!

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