importance of african traditional religion

Traditional African religion is a way of life in which ancestors are part and parcel of every major or minor event such as wedding, births and deaths as well as fetching firewood. Modish project is an organization aimed at facilitating students with their various research thesis materials, and also provide them with effective solutions in other academic concerns.Rely on us for a stress-free research project work, A-class academic materials, and easy guides through the course of your academic programme. In this second edition, Dr Mbiti has updated his material to include the involvement of women in religion, and the potential unity to be found in what was once thought to be a mass of quite separate religions. Traditional African diviners are one of the best keepers of history and culture for Africans, academic, researchers, writers and general seekers of knowledge in the world over. Traditional African religions also have elements of fetishism, shamanism and veneration of relics. For centuries, African Traditional Religion in its myriad of forms was practiced by the majority of Africans, but in the last fifty years Christianity and Islam have become more prominent. Differences between African Traditional Religion and Christianity. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religions of the African people. "African Religions and Philosophy" is a systematic study of the attitudes of mind and belief that have evolved in the many societies of Africa. Although Africans who still wholly practice African indigenous religions are only about 10 percent of the African population, there are many professed Christians and Muslims who participate in one form of indigenous religious rituals and practices or another (see syncretism). Religion in Africa. Modernity has not put a total stop to the influence of Indigenous African spirituality. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religions of the African people. Earlier researchers and missionaries portrayed them often as primitive and barbaric and ridiculed them [I give many examples in my book: White Fathers in Colonial Central Africa - a Critical Examination of V.Y. The essence of indigenous African religions and the reason for its accommodating nature is that it does not maintain to uniform doctrine therefore its spiritual beliefs are not bound by a written text or code. and the nomadic farmers in Africa mostly apply charms of adverse actions to any that may try to steal their products, most of this charms are been collected from juju. African Traditional Religion is now widely taught in African universities, but its identity remains essentially negative: African belief that is not Christianity or Islam. it does not maintain to uniform doctrine therefore its spiritual beliefs are not bound by a written text or code. They play an important role in designing and implementing health systems involving traditional medicines and spirit possession. Religion in Africa. African Traditional Religion is a thriving scholarly business, but a serious disconnect exists between contributions that celebrate a generalized African Traditional Religion and those that describe particular religions and aspects of religion on the basis of ethnographic and archival research. There are four foundational religious beliefs in the traditional religions: (1) the belief in impersonal (mystical) power(s); (2) the belief in spirit beings; (3) the belief in divinities/gods and (4) the belief in the Supreme Being. The destiny of a community is fulfilled through both successive and simultaneous multiple reincarnations. Cultism: the cultists groups usually known for their sovereignty in terrorism and their immortality, having the ability to appear and dis-appear.at time’s metals could do them no harm. It involves the joining of families and a lot of traditions. Since it is a religion practised by living persons today, changes are to be expected. Men, gender equality and the search for gender harmony, #NairobiNiMimi Series: The story of Charles Githinji. The traditional approach of indigenous African religions to gender is one of complementarity in which a confluence of male and female forces must operate in harmony. Mugambi (1989) were negative to the African cultural and religious heritage whereby they applied such terms as ‘primitive’, ‘heathen’, and pagan to describe the African culture and religion, we need to not to take traditional African life for granted as we wrestle with problems facing our continent today. Religion and environmentalism is an emerging interdisciplinary subfield in the academic disciplines of religious studies, religious ethics, the sociology of religion, and theology amongst others, with environmentalism and ecological principles as a primary focus. Traditional African religion is very popular and arrived here with our North and West African ancestors. This belief, just as in the case of the previous one, has a theological basis – the plurality of divinities ( polytheism ). And we agree with Professor Idowu that the purpose of the study should be: They play … It is possible, however, to identify similarities in worldviews and ritual processes across geographic and ethnic boundaries. God is the one who brings forth good, while human causes evil to themselves and others. First, in the origin myths of several peoples, such as the Baganda of Uganda and the Edo of Nigeria, the first king or chief of the community was endowed with the sacred power of the Supreme Deity. This allows it to more easily be amended and influenced by other religious ideas, religious wisdom, and by modern development. In Sierra Leone, Botswana, and Burkina Faso more than 33 percent follow African religion, although it is not the religion of the majority. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religion of the African people. All this powers are acquired from juju, to carry out dubious operations. Traditional African approaches in the light of natural values, and of modern secular attitude If we are going to speak of traditional African concepts and customs regarding marriage and the family, a few clarifications are called for. The Spirit of Ancestors in African Traditional Religion How the spirits of ancestors can be a blessing or harmful and The Power and importance of ancestors in African traditional society Ancestors in African Traditional religion are very important in that they were once alive and now they are in … Evidence of which is briefly demonstrated in Amanda Gcabashe interesting TED talk on her life as a traditional healer in the 21st Century. Good and evil: in A.T.R evil includes both the physical and moral evils. When we speak of African Traditional Religion, we mean the indigenous religious beliefs and practices of the Africans. . Instead, myths are embedded and transmitted in ritual practice. 2. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society, and so on. While some religions adopted a pantheistic worldview, most follow a polytheistic system with various gods, spirits and other supernatural beings. Evil concerns any misfortune that befell an individual or community or any voluntary anti social behavior or any infringement of the decrees of God, the deities or ancestors. Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. The first is that the context of this article is sub-Sahara Africa. African Religions and Beliefs. take more objective view, seeing some value in social functions of African religions • 3. By this label serious damage was done to the gospel in Africa. This religion is found in all … where one’s family came from. ADVERT SPACE ! No single body of religious beliefs and practices can be identified as African. The ownership of land by our ancestors is the main link between politics, religion and spirituality in Zimbabwe. African religious leaders include the sacred kings and chiefs who often serve as both spiritual and community leaders. The most important thing is that in the new South Africa religion and spirituality are used to create greater understanding and harmony rather than to divide people as was done in the past. ADVERT SPACE !!! Traditional/Indigenous African religions are the traditional beliefs and practices of African people including the various traditional religions and customs. Tracing African Roots IN African religion, women encourage hard work and industrialisation for sustainable development. African world view, ‘all life is religion’(Farrington 1998:16). . African religions - African religions - Mythology: In African oral cultures, myths embody philosophical reflections, express values, and identify moral standards. When certain traditional cosmic and spirit powers and forces rules and regulations enshrined manifests, man is aware that many things do wrong and not all his expectations and needs are always met, African traditional religion protocols is Still inevitable rules, doctrines, norms and customs that are referred to in the enthronement of African traditional rulers even though the personality may be a Muslim or a Christian, but tradition must be observed, Prior to the commitment of Africans in the traditional ceremonies and medications, it is obvious that Christianity and Islam co-exists harmoniously with traditional African religion, Most African Muslims and Christians still consult the traditional religion healers when someone is sick and. Ancestral spirits occupy a central and important position in the African traditional religion. It is important for Africans to discover which ancestor is reborn in a child, for this is a reason for deep thankfulness. In particular, both Islam and Christianity have affected the practice of African traditional religions. Even though Africans mostly are either Christian or Muslim, and marry according to their religions; couples must also perform traditional marriage rights. Ancestors maintain a spiritual connection with their living relatives and generally most of them are good and kind. Given the dynamism of Indigenous African Religions, it is easy to surmise its modern day relevance and applications in that: 1. They have provided the blueprint for robust conversations and would transform thought leadership in issues about community relations, interfaith dialogue, civil society, and civil religion. Differences between African Traditional Religion and Christianity. Foreign anthropologists from late 19thc. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society and so on .because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. The rationale is to designate African traditional religion as inferior to Islam and Christianity. African traditional religious system has the following components: A. Foundational Religious Beliefs. To live here and now is the most important concern of African religious activities and beliefs. ditional religion or African traditional religions (Mbiti 1969, 1–2; Idowu 1973, 103; Booth 1977, 3; Ikenga-Metu 1987, 19; Alolo 2007; Ejizu n.d). Religions are basically meant to help people in their tribulations but religious pluralism in Africa has brought conflict, tension and confusion in families and communities. Women play a key role in the practice of these traditions, and the internal gender relations and dynamics are very profound. Africa’s a very large and diverse continent; it’s even larger than North America or Australia. The amount of devotees to indigenous practices had dwindled as Islam and Christianity have both spread and gained influence throughout the continent. Some African myths say that the number of souls and bodies is limited. Due to the pluralistic nature of African-traditional religions, African spirituality has always been able to adapt to change and allow itself to absorb the wisdom and views of other religions. They present a worldview that has collectively sustained, enriched, and given meaning to a continent and numerous other societies for centuries through its epistemology, metaphysics, history, and practices. Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. Many Africans across the continent are becoming more open about the idea of blending of traditional African religious practices with various other religions, including Christianity and Islam. ADVERT SPACE !! IMPLICATION FOR COUNSELLING. Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, and the Ivory Coast—African religion is the majority religion. Zimbabwe is the land of our forefathers and that land was passed to us by the forefathers. It is best distinguished as ATR. . It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society, and so on. These figures represent peo-ple who primarily follow African traditional religion; however, To understand the issue one must go back to the beginnings of anthropology in the 19th century and follow its evolution (see 19th-Century Background ). Rosalind J. Hackett as a guest-editor has been responsible for those pages. Africa is the second largest continent on Earth. The Place of African Traditional Religion in Interreligious Encounters in Sierra Leone since the Advent of Islam and Christianity is my own work and that all the sources that I have used or quoted have been indicated and acknowledged by means of complete references. Mbiti (1969, p. 211) says that in 4–5). African Traditional Religion cannot easily be studied by non-Africans. The traditional African understanding and the interpretation of Christianity have deep roots in these fundamental beliefs of the African traditional religions. European Christian missionaries from 16th century onwards see African religions as demonic, primitive, evil & stupid • 2. Given our current impending ecological crisis, indigenous African religions have a great deal to offer both African countries and the world at large on how human beings can best live within and interact with the environment. Marriage in Africa entails much more. The continued influence of traditional African religion is also evident in some aspects of daily life. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Generally speaking, African religions hold that there is one creator God, the maker of a dynamic universe. “African spirituality simply acknowledges that beliefs and practices touch on and inform every facet of human life, and therefore African religion cannot be separated from the everyday or mundane.”, The essence of indigenous African religions and the reason for its accommodating nature is that. Animism builds the core concept of traditional African religions, this includes the worship of tutelary deities, nature worship, ancestor worship and the belief in an afterlife. 1. For this reason, the disciples of Taylor conclude that African religion is said to be polytheistic, meaning that Africans serve several gods which further puts African religion at the bottom of religious evolution. The best interpreter of African Religion is the African with a disciplined mind and the requisite technical tools. It is often combined with elements of Christianity and Islam. It is not brought from outside. Even life in the hereafter is conceived in materialistic and physical terms. Due to the pluralistic nature of African-traditional religions, African spirituality has always been able to adapt to change and allow itself to absorb the wisdom and views of other religions. Native African historians and scholars, from mid-20th c. Importance of Religious Parallels and Commonalities • The similarities and parallels between ancient Egyptian religion, and traditional African religions suggest they derive from a common African “family” of certain religious ideas and practices • These include: single supreme creator god, many lesser gods, It is the religion which resulted from the sustaining faith held by the forebears of the present Africans, and which is being practised today in various forms and various shades and intensities by a very large number of Africans, including individuals who claim to be Muslims or Christians. The traditional religions of Africa are human in the deepest sense, because they focus on people and their everyday problems. Diviners for example have access to an extensive literary corpus and verbal trove of information covering science, medicine, cosmology, and metaphysics. Ultimately Indigenous African Religious beliefs and practices will always be relevant as they provide our societies with moral values, which guide the relationships between people in the community and instruct our relationships with the environment, spiritual realm and physical wellness. There is neither paradise to be hoped for nor hell to be feared in the hereafter" (Mbiti 1969, pp. Indigenous African Religious beliefs and practices will always be relevant as they provide our societies with moral values, which guide the relationships between people in the community and instruct our relationships with the environment, spiritual realm and physical wellness. For centuries, African Traditional Religion in its myriad of forms was practiced by the majority of Africans, but in the last fifty years Christianity and Islam have become more prominent. At times rulers have been described as gods or as endowed with God's divinity. 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