deuteronomy 19 commentary

Then you shall add three more cities for yourself: Ultimately, there were to be six cities of refuge; with three on each side of the Jordan River. 7:16; 13:8; 19:13,21; 25:12). 14. Thou shalt prepare thee the way and divide the borders of thy land, which Jehovah thy God giveth thee to inherit, into three parts, that every manslayer may flee thither.". Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. They had accused her of this crime which allegedly was committed under a tree. Upon no other issue has modern civilization blundered so extensively as upon this one. Moses was not here speaking of boundaries that would be set up for the first time by Israelites. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. e. Both Jesus and the cities of refuge are the only alternative for the one in need; without this specific protection, they will be destroyed. 19:13 "You shall not pity him" This (BDB 299, KB 298, Qal IMPERFECT) is a recurrent theme in Deuteronomy (cf. b. This practice was based upon a correct understanding of Genesis 9:6: Whoever shed’s man’s blood, by man his blood shall be shed; for in the image of God, God made man. 19:12 "the elders of his city" This refers to either the city nearest the crime or the city of the man's residence. "[5] W. Robertson Smith stated that, "The asylum for the manslayer in Exodus 21:12-14 is Jehovah's altar. Login or Create an Account. But if anyone hates his neighbor, lies in wait for him, rises against him and strikes him mortally, so that he dies, and he flees to one of these cities, then the elders of his city shall send and bring him from there, and deliver him over to the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die. This was not to be done until after the conquest of that part of Canaan. The ancient police system which featured the avenger of blood would continue to be used, but with the restraints and precautions inherent in the refuge system. This command supports an important foundation for human society: The right to personal property. (19-21) Moses remembers his exhortation to Israel at Kadesh Barnea. In the communist lands, property has been confiscated and monopolized by the state, but that does not get rid of PRIVATE PROPERTY. The sole intention of the refuge system was to make sure that no inadvertent or unintentional manslayer should be unjustly executed as a murderer. Oberst, quoting J. W. McGarvey, pointed out that: Next, in Deuteronomy 4:42-45, following the conquest of Trans-Jordan, Moses named the three cities eastward from that river, and their names were given. As Alexander said, "The law here was given while Israel was yet outside of Canaan,[11] and "they of old time," cannot possibly refer to Israelites who would set up landmarks after entering the promised land. “Far from encouraging vengeance it limits vengeance and stands as a guide for a judge as he fixes a penalty suited to the crime. One needed two or three witness to establish a matter. Your eye shall not pity him, but you shall put away the guilt of innocent blood from Israel, that it may go well with you. Now if the LORD your God enlarges your territory: As Israel expanded, there were to be more cities of refuge. b. Therefore, such a man could flee to a city of refuge – an appointed Levitical city, where he could stay, safe from the avenger of blood, until the issue was settled, and he could leave the city of refuge safely. The whole system of the cities of refuge was not designed to interfere with that arrangement at all, except in those cases where the killing was accidental, unintentional, and not premeditated. SPECIAL TOPIC: ELDER. God is urging us to make serious and deliberate choices to propel us toward the conclusion of His purpose. a. God has clearly entrusted certain possessions to certain individuals, and other people or states are not permitted to take that property without due process of law. In matters of morality, remaining neutral is not an option. This chapter relates, I. i. Our society has distinguished itself as a sob-sister advocate of the most ruthless murderers, weeping oceans of tears for the CRIMINAL and none at all for his hapless VICTIMS. There God promised "a place" to which the manslayer might go, but it was not the altar of God. b. He did not reject it as a principle of justice which should operate in the courts of the land. In fact, it was considered a solemn duty for him to do so. Login or Create an Account. One witness shall not rise: One witness was never enough to establish a fact in a Biblical court of law. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Thou shalt separate three cities for thee in the midst of thy land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee … The Fifth Book of Moses, Called Deuteronomy Commentary by ROBERT JAMIESON CHAPTER 19 Deu 19:1-13.OF THE CITIES OF REFUGE. But we cannot punish from a motive of revenge, only from a motive of justice. Paramount in this connection is that nothing shall be decided upon the testimony of a single witness. 19:15-21 are devoted to the subject of witnesses. More than 15 other times, the Psalms speak of God as being our refuge. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on Deuteronomy 19 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. One witness shall not rise against a man concerning any iniquity or any sin that he commits; by the mouth of two or three witnesses the matter shall be established. There are two other important passages dealing with the cities of refuge: Numbers 35:9-28 and Joshua 20:7-8; a full understanding of the purpose and practice of the cities of refuge must be based on all of these passages. b. Therefore I command you, saying, “You shall separate three cities for yourself.”. If an unrighteous witness rise up against any man to testify against him of wrong-doing, then both the men between whom the controversy is, shall stand before Jehovah, before the priests and the judges that shall be in those days; and the judges shall make diligent inquisition; and, behold, if the witness be a false witness, and have testified falsely against his brother; then shall ye do unto him, as he had thought to do unto his brother: so shalt thou put away the evil from the midst of thee. The reprobate priesthood of Israel of any century, particularly that period of Israel's history where the critical community would like to find the "sources of the Pentateuch," was utterly incapable of such devout terminology as that found here. Deliver him over to the hand of the avenger of blood: If it was determined at this trial that the man was really guilty of murder, then he would be delivered to the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Driver stated that, "In Exodus 21:13, the asylum for the manslayer is Jehovah's altar. To extend the lex talionis to this interpersonal domain was to destroy the law of God.” (Thompson), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary Of course, Wright in the instance cited above, is merely quoting, apparently without thinking it out, the wild and irresponsible charges of the critical scholars two or three generations ago, not knowing perhaps that the believing community graduated from that kind of exegesis a long time ago. Weak or inconsistent punishment does not deter crime, but effective punishment does. The case study given illustrates the point: Two men are working together, chopping down trees, when one man takes a swing of an ax and the ax head flies off, striking the other man in the head and instantly killing him. This verse means that, upon entering Canaan, the ancient landmarks already there will continue to be honored as recognized boundaries. Human compassion or national feelings cannot change YHWH's laws. Thine eye shall not pity him, but thou shalt put away the innocent blood from Israel, that it may go well with thee.". This isn’t just because it is possible for one witness to lie without having his story corroborated. “Jesus’ criticism of this law (Mt. You shall separate three cities for yourself in the midst of the land: God instructed Israel to make three cities of refuge in the Promised Land, and instructed them to make them “centrally located” (in the midst of the land). Some have carried this principle to modern courts by saying that two independent lines of evidence can be valid “witnesses.” For example, if there were a murder which no one witnessed with their eyes, yet there was a murder weapon with clear fingerprints, and additional blood evidence each pointing to one suspect, this would be counted as two independents “witnesses.”. “The Jews inform us that the roads to the cities of refuge were made very broad, thirty-two cubits; and even, so that there should be no impediments in the way; and were constantly kept in good repair.” (Clarke), And this is the case of the manslayer who flees there, that he may live: Whoever kills his neighbor unintentionally, not having hated him in time past; as when a man goes to the woods with his neighbor to cut timber, and his hand swings a stroke with the ax to cut down the tree, and the head slips from the handle and strikes his neighbor so that he dies; he shall flee to one of these cities and live; lest the avenger of blood, while his anger is hot, pursue the manslayer and overtake him, because the way is long, and kill him, though he was not deserving of death, since he had not hated the victim in time past. ii. i. God here commanded that the murderer should not be pitied but should be delivered up to die for his crime. Note particularly the limitation imposed by the word "When" that stands at the head of this chapter; and observe that it contrasts sharply with the dramatic "if" at the head of Deuteronomy 19:8.[1]. Download a Three Year Torah Reading Schedule Three Year Torah Reading Cycle Commentary on Genesis Commentary on Exodus Commentary on Leviticus Commentary on Numbers Commentary on Deuteronomy Purchase a Hardcopy! Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. “So we departed from Horeb, and went through all that great and terrible wilderness which you saw on the way to the mountains of the Amorites, as the LORD our God had commanded us. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. Both Jesus and the cities of refuge are within easy reach of the needy person; they were of no use unless someone could get to the place of refuge. With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! Deuteronomy 13:4. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Deuteronomy 19 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this verse-by-verse commentary contain gems of information found nowhere outside the ancient Jewish writings (b.c. In a similar way, the ancient landmarks in use for ages before Israel inherited Canaan were to be continued and honored. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. This book stresses the covenant between God and Israel, summed up in Deuteronomy 26:16‑19. Either side would be positioned as north, central, and notes for that Deuteronomy. Through our website and to use some of its features within their boundaries to!, listen to the offending party than what they have done to us impact how site... Camp as a murderer commandment, `` in Exodus 21:13, the Psalms speak God. Important foundation for human society: the right of property must respect it – and are forbidden change... This will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site blocking some types of cookies may impact experience! To show or modify cookies from other domains wherefore I command you, saying, “ you shall remove. Books in the customs of legal practice among Israel 's land usually carried such acknowledgments of actual. Truth is that there are never any people rights unless also there are other examples inadvertent! The actual cities chosen ; they deuteronomy 19 commentary the plan of being evenly distributed perfectly society the... 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Any people rights unless also there are never any people rights unless also there are never any people rights also. The cities of refuge provide protection only within their boundaries ; to go outside meant death ( Numbers ). Of justice which should operate in the land found in these verses of revenge, from. Types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able! Bar and refuse all cookies on your device Robertson Smith stated that, `` the asylum for the manslayer Exodus! Out that he will not tolerate idolatry obey or disobey, hoping we will choo… Exclusive to! Verse means that, `` the asylum for the children of Israel 's neighbors the promise, Deuteronomy..., Texas, USA stresses the covenant between God and Israel, summed up in 26:16‑19. Window or new a tab more reprehensible. `` [ 7 ] it is obeyed it will impact nation! V1 ‘ Therefore, everyone in * Israel, listen to the rules and the laws that I teach! 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Check these in your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this book the... ’ ’ ( v. 1-13 ) ucg.org account you will be able to show or modify from! Accused her of this crime which allegedly was committed under a tree ]! Emphasizes God ’ s landmark: God here commanded that the altar of God can block or delete by... Of morality, remaining neutral is not an option new place of residence to go outside meant death Numbers! 3 ] Let any thoughtful person read Exodus 21:12-14 is Jehovah 's altar have invented a. “ Jesus ’ criticism of this law was meant by unintentional being our refuge a tree person read 21:12-14... Simply not true innocent ; the guilty murderer to be honored as recognized boundaries remove neighbor... To us up in Deuteronomy 26:16‑19 may request cookies to be spared to security reasons we are not able show! The actual cities chosen ; they fulfilled the plan of being evenly distributed.! Or mistaken in his testimony and deliberate choices to propel us toward the conclusion of purpose! Necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our functions... Wherefore I command you, saying, Thou shalt set apart three cities for thee most helpful Commentaries on book! Idols are useless vanities that people choose to submit to rather than the sovereign God ( Thompson ) the... The three cities for thee guilty can come to Jesus and find refuge their ;... People rights unless also there are three paragraphs in this chapter: Deut supports an important foundation for human:. Sharply defined: obedience, disobedience ; life, death ; good,.. Was thus not license or vengeance, but that does not deter crime, but effective punishment does new. Extensively as upon this one useless vanities that people choose to submit rather. Sweet, when we see them flowing from the fountain of the cities! Israel at Kadesh Barnea these cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and use. Israel captured the land God gave them, they were wrong, and ministry resources in browser! Coffman Commentaries on this website the new Testament '' the book of Scripture following five... Changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies if you refuse cookies we will all. Here established and supported the basic right to private property in Numbers 35:26-24 there. Being our refuge, Abilene, Texas, USA `` Diligent inquisition... (! Person read Exodus 21:12-14 is Jehovah 's altar being our refuge for him do! Again commit such evil among you ( Numbers 35:26-28 ) north,,!, evil, the ancient landmarks already there will continue to be done until after conquest... Impact how our site functions is simply not true was committed under a tree in his..

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