who brought christianity to nigeria

Christianity found its way to Sudan in the 1st century as well, and the region's Nubian churches had links to those in Egypt. At the initial stage of Christianity, many of the traditional practices such as polyygamy, blood pacts, oath swearing, divination etc were declared as taboos. Under Adeboye, the church became increasingly Pentecostal in theology and practice; this was probably influenced by the Pentecostal wave in the 1960s and 1970s which was mainly experienced by students on college campuses. The Archdioceses of the Roman Catholic Church are Abuja, Benin City, Calabar, Ibadan, Jos, Kaduna, Lagos, Onitsha, Owerri, and Sokoto. Bishop Ajayi Crowther was a slave taken from Nigeria. The Christian populace is made up of Protestant (30.6%), Unspecified Christians (10.8%), Roman Catholics (10.0%) and other Christians (0.5%). Cardinal Francis Arinze is a Roman Catholic Cardinal from Nigeria. Based on these stats, most Nigerian Christians are Protestants. Europe and the United States became increasingly interested in the continent of Africa. Some religious scholars believe that Christianity was introduced to Africans by way of the Egyptian city of Alexandria. Muslims make up 48.8% of the country’s population while Christians add up to 49.3%. The terrorists released a three-minute video promising more attacks on Christians as Christmas Day approaches. The origin of Christianity in the world can be traced to the Middle East. Over the next two decades, foreign Pentecostal churches began to plant branches in Nigeria. The education provided by the missionaries was also instrumental in converting a good number of slaves to Christianity. Although there were attempts made to bring European Christianity into the western part of Africa in the 15th and 16th centuries, the real success of the "modern expansion" began with freed Christian slaves who began to return to western Africa towards the end of the eighteenth century. In the 17th century, the Roman Catholic missionaries found their way to Nigeria. It was seen as a vast open world whose people needed to hear the gospel of Christianity. These include churches like the Redeemed Christian Church of God, Winners’ Chapel, Christ Apostolic Church (the first Aladura Movement in Nigeria), Deeper Christian Life Ministry… 2. The history of Christianity in Nigeria can be traced back to the 15th century, when the Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive the shores of the region via the Atlantic. As with other areas in Africa, Roman Catholics and Anglicans each tended to establish areas of hegemony in southern Nigeria. The first church in Nigeria is the Cathedral Church of St. Peter, Ake, Abeokuta. There was a revival in this new church and as a result, the church grew in size forming independent churches. Buhari's predecessor -- Goodluck Jonathan, a Christian from the country's South -- broke that pattern by occupying the office for more than one term. Christianity. A few isolated mission stations and mission bookstores, along with churches serving southern enclaves in the northern cities and larger towns, dotted the Muslim north. Buhari's predecessor -- Goodluck Jonathan, a Christian from the country's South -- broke that pattern by occupying the office for more than one term. As early as the 11th Century, traders from Guinea, Mali, Borno and North Africa brought Islam to the Hausas, who accepted and supported its spread. This new religion of Christianity began by trying to control its converts. They are presently the least influenced by traditional religious beliefs. Mark the Evangelist made history in the year 43 when he became the first bishop to serve in the Orthodox Church of Alexandria. Eventually, slave trade was abolished in the British Empire in 1833 and many of the slaves were freed. The Catholic Church has an increase of followers in Nigeria. He was succeeded by Enoch Adejare Adeboye. Igbo (Ibo), people living chiefly in southeastern Nigeria who speak Igbo, a language of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo language family. For them, religion was something ingrained in their lives. For Christians, the logic is that without a birth, there would be no death. “[Yet] this news brought sadness to my heart as I thought about many Christians who are still in captivity. Nigeria. One of the most popular preachers during this period was Joseph Babalola of Faith Tabernacle. That said, their efforts were not all that successful at the time. Christians in Nigeria should resolve that for every Christian killed, five people who have not known Christ must be brought to the saving knowledge of Christ. Reportedly, the city boasted a very large Jewish community, which was located in close proximity to Jerusalem. These include culture, education, politics and many others. They baptised him and gave him a Christian name Sebastian. The first mission of the Church of England was, though, only established in 1842 in Badagry by Henry Townsend. However, their affiliations with slave trade made it difficult to plant the religion in the country as they were more interested in the lucrative slave business than being on the missionary field. When one begins to look at the history of Christianity in Nigeria, one might expect to find its origins in Europeans bringing this new religion across to Africa. These slaves were probably the main reason why Christianisation was successful in West Africa. The arrival of Joseph Rhodes Dunwell to the Gold Coast (Ghana) in 1835 resulting from missionary activities of the Wesleyan Methodist Church brought Methodist Church to Ghana. Nigeria (MNN) — While hundreds of abducted Nigerian school boys are now safe, believers are on ‘full alert’ following last week’s threat from Boko Haram. They were not some strangers from the foreign land that preached their own gospel. Currently, the prominent churches in Nigeria include The Redeemed Christian Church of God (RCCG), Deeper Life Bible Church, Living Faith Church (Winners’ Chapel), Mountain of Fire and Miracles Ministries and Christ Embassy. Islam is the dominant faith in the North, and Christianity in the South. These include churches like the Redeemed Christian Church of God, Winners’ Chapel, Christ Apostolic Church (the first Aladura Movement in Nigeria), Deeper Christian Life Ministry… READ ALSO: Colonialism in Nigeria: positive and negative impacts, Leave your email to receive our newsletter, Get the hottest stories from the largest news site in Nigeria, Drop your mail and be the first to get fresh news, This was the man who developed African writing system which the colonial masters destroyed (photos). The Hausa people are one of the predominant Nigerian tribes but are now mostly representatives of Islam religion. Nigeria 45.9% Togo 42.6%. Thus, the advent of colonial masters led to the introduction of a new religion, Christianity, which is added to the two available religions, African traditional religion already exiting then. He later went on to become an Olu himself and proved to be a devout Christian. Christians live predominantly in the South; Muslims are the majority in the North. Attacks by Islamic Fulani herders and others had a devastating effect on Christian farmers. Bulus Y. Galadima and Yusufu Turaki explored the spread of Christianity of Nigeria in the work they called “Christianity of Nigeria.” To provide the clear understanding of how this religion came to Nigeria, we have to mention that the state we know today was divided into several regions which had their own social and economic conditions which either stimulate the spread of it or prevented it from it. She is Madam Emadu, who in the course of her travels embraced Christianity in Obiaruku. The National Church of Nigeria (previously known as the Nigerian Ecumenical Centre and officially known as the National Christian Centre) is a non-denominational church building of the Christian Association of Nigeria, the umbrella body of many of Nigeria's Christian … The history of Igbo Ora, the town of twins, Why we sent Nigerian student to an early grave, Amotekun gives reasons, List of 12 top politicians eyeing Buhari’s seat in 2023, Cristiano Ronaldo beats rival Lionel Messi, 1 Premier League player to 1 global achievement, Why I'll shut down all churches in my state - Prominent governor, Super Eagles captain spotted with Nigerian club side before NPFL kickoff (see what he caught doing), Northern groups issue terrible statement against President Buhari, Kidnappers have change of hearts, release PFN chairman, wife, Young man reveals his father shaved his hair after seeing him in almost 2 years, narrates ordeal, 1966 coup: How Sir Tafawa Balewa fell from Major Ifeajuna's bullets. The ignored slaughter of Christians in the Middle East, in particular, Nigeria, is beyond words. Over 11,500 Christians have been murdered in Nigeria since June 2015, Genocide Watch reported in April. He was a mathematics professor at the University of Lagos before going on to found the Deeper Life Bible Church. These churches were characterized by fervent prayer styles, known by the Yoruba word Aladura (praying people). Since military rule ended in Nigeria in 1999, the country's presidency has typically alternated between a Christian Southerner and a Muslim Northerner. Taking into account how widespread and important Christianity is in the modern Nigerian society, it is interesting to look back and learn about how it first came into the country. For instance, when Portugal’s Henry the Navigator tried to carry out his exploration with three Gs in mind (those being God, Gold and Glory), he was mostly met with indifference. There are also some new generation churches that are popular in Lagos and many other major cities in the country. This paper discusses the Nigerian State (Islam, Christianity and Politics) and the experience of the Nigerian Church since 1841 to the present. A Nigerian civil society group estimates that 1,202 Christians have been killed in Nigeria in the first six months of 2020 by jihadists, radicalized herdsmen and others as 22 more Christians were reportedly killed in the Kaduna state last weekend. The incursion of colonial masters into the entity we now call Nigeria brought Christianity to the people. Over the years, Christianity has become an integral part of the country’s culture and many Christians in the country adopted Christian names in addition to their local names. In 2005, there were an estimated 19 million baptised Catholics in Nigeria. One of the slaves that was instrumental to the advent of Christianity in Nigeria was Samuel Ajayi Crowther who was captured by the age of 12 by Fulani slave raiders and sold to Portuguese slave traders. They came into cities like Benin and Warri where they preached Christianity. Nigeria is becoming the “biggest killing ground of Christians in the world” due to attacks by Boko Haram and Fulani militants, says a leading charity. The remaining 1.9% are either practitioners of indigenous religions or no affiliations. Since military rule ended in Nigeria in 1999, the country's presidency has typically alternated between a Christian Southerner and a Muslim Northerner. The African Story: Amazing Growth, Unthinkable Persecution In the 20th century alone, there have been some 1.8 million Christian martyrs in Africa. The preacher led a revival in the 1930s that converted thousands of locals. Nigeria - Nigeria - Nigeria as a colony: After the British government assumed direct control of the Royal Niger Company’s territories, the northern areas were renamed the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria, and the land in the Niger delta and along the lower reaches of the river was added to the Niger Coast Protectorate, which was renamed the Protectorate of Southern Nigeria. Additionally, Crowther was a pioneer of local Christian missionary work in the country and he was pivotal in the translation of the Bible into Yoruba language. Mark the Evangelist made history in the year 43 when he became the first bishop to serve in the Orthodox Church of Alexandria. The year 1841 was the beginning of modem mission work in Nigeria led by Bishop Ajayi Crowther. According to local Nigerian media reports, six girls and two staff members of a Christian high school in the north-central part of the country have been released after a … The local kings cared more about the guns he could offer them rather than the tales of his Christianity. The year 1841 was the beginning of modem mission work in Nigeria led by Bishop Ajayi Crowther. The incursion of colonial masters into the entity we now call Nigeria brought Christianity to the people. At best, they simply disregarded them as something lesser. The school system introduced people in the country to new ideologies, which spanned across different areas of human existence. Christians are found primarily in the South. Do you want to know more about these ten most powerful pastors in the world? This meant that Europeans and Americans were seen as ruling Africans both in political and ecclesiastical matters. One of the slaves that was instrumental to the advent of Christianity in Nigeria was Samuel Ajayi Crowther who was captured by the age of 12 by Fulani slave raiders and sold to Portuguese slave traders. They came without an accurate sense of what they would encounter in Nigeria. Since 2015, the Humanitarian Aid Relief Trust estimates that more than 6,000 Christians have been killed in Nigeria (1,000 in 2019 alone) and thousands have been displaced from their homes. After World War I, In 1952, a former member of the Cherubim and Seraphim society, Pa Josiah Akindayomi, founded the Redeemed Christian Church of God (RCCG). Join us as we talk about the history of how Christianity came into Nigeria centuries ago. Islam empowered the Hausas to be a dominant trib… And for every village razed down, five unreached villages must be reached with the Gospel and love of Christ. What early mission minded workers failed to comprehend were the problems, which were bound to arise out of Africans hearing and accepting this new religion. Also, the country began to embrace a culture of import over export. These include the Deeper Life Bible Church founded by William Folorunsho Kumuyi in 1975. Also, the Foursquare Gospel Church was also introduced in Nigeria at the same time. What they did not take into consideration were the already established religious traditions, which were so heavily engraved within the society of Africa. Christians in Nigeria should resolve that for every Christian killed, five people who have not known Christ must be brought to the saving knowledge of Christ. Gatestone Institute. These traditional practices were integral to culture and as a result Christianity faced some resistance. Mega churches seem to have arrived with the advent of Pentecostalism which can be traced to the early 20th century in America. One of the leaders behind these revivals during this period was Benson Idahosa. For instance, when Portugal’s Henry the Navigator tried to carry out his exploratio… “Is Nigeria truly one country? Of course, not all Nigerians rejected Christianity and mission work, as can be seen by the large number of converts. Did you know how Methodist Church came about in Ghana? These workers often came with little or no education beyond religious instruction. The ignored slaughter of Christians in the Middle East, in particular, Nigeria, is beyond words. The first church in Nigeria is the Cathedral Church of St. Peter, Ake, Abeokuta. Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther Christianity came to Nigeria in the 15th century through Augustinian and Capuchin monks from Portugal. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. The Portuguese brought Christianity with them but were unable to successfully plant Christianity because of their involvement in slave trade. The way they communicated it to the people in Nigeria made Christianity seem like something that was confined to the church walls. The African Story: Amazing Growth, Unthinkable Persecution In the 20th century alone, there have been some 1.8 million Christian martyrs in Africa. It can be argued that the actual intent behind their voyage was more in the interest of slave business, than it was for mis… Its foundation was laid by Reverend Andrew Desalu Wilhelm, and it was completed in 1898. slaves who became a Christian in Sierra-Leone and later joined the Anglican mission to Nigeria was a Nigerian from the Yoruba extraction. According to a 2010 survey conducted by the Pew Forum, Nigeria’s population has both Christians and Muslims in a nearly equal ratio, with a small percentage of the population following other religious beliefs such as indigenous faiths and no affiliations at all. One of the landmark achievements of Christianity in Nigeria was when Mary Slessor; a Scottish missionary who worked tirelessly for women and children’s rights, halted the practice of killing twins among the Efik people in southern Nigeria. It was during this period the Welsh Apostolic Church was established in 1931 and Assemblies of God in 1939. Christianity brought western ideas with it and the modernization associated with the religion caused an increased preference for jobs among the people from agriculture to white collar jobs. Nigeria, a nation of close to 200 million people, is made up about evenly of Christians and Muslims. According to various researchers, denominationalism is one of the worst divisive elements in modern Africa. These include Daystar Christian Centre, Covenant Christian Centre, House on the Rock and Commonwealth of Zion Assembly (COZA). This paper discusses the Nigerian State (Islam, Christianity and Politics) and the experience of the Nigerian Church since 1841 to the present. Who Introduced Christianity in Ghana? Bishop Ajayi Crowther was a slave taken from Nigeria. The mega church syndrome can be traced to 1910 when a local charismatic movement led by an Anglican deacon split from the Anglican church to become the Christ Army Church. He was by name Samuel Ajayi Crowther, baptized in 1842, ordained in 1845 and consecrated Bishop in 1864 (Adiele, 2001). Currently, the Southern part of the country is dominated by Christians while the Northern part is composed of predominantly Muslims. We hope you have learnt some history in our brief history of Christianity in Nigeria in its early days. When one begins to look at the history of Christianity in Nigeria, one might expect to find its origins in Europeans bringing this new religion across to Africa. They were used to their own ways of praising their own gods, so they did not feel like they could express themselves in Christianity as they could with their traditional religions. Nigeria is becoming the “biggest killing ground of Christians in the world” due to attacks by Boko Haram and Fulani militants, says a leading charity. Its foundation was laid by Reverend Andrew Desalu Wilhelm, and it was completed in 1898. What began happening was that if the Africans did rebel against this control, they would simply be excommunicated. Christians are found primarily in the South. One of the most prominent people that were largely responsible for the Christianisation of Nigeria is Samuel Ajiya Crowther, a former slave of Yoruba origin. They are presently the least influenced by traditional religious beliefs. This was the reason why many people across Africa found themselves involved in various conflicts because of the differences in their religious views. Until his last day on this Earth, he worked hard to bring God to Nigerians. READ ALSO: Major types of religion in Nigeria. Some local Pentecostal churches also sprung up, these include the Celestial Church of Christ which arrived in western Nigeria from Benin to become one of Africa’s largest Aladura churches. “The British military expansion into Northern Nigeria introduced Christianity to a region which had experienced over five hundred years of Islam; hence, there were religion-based skirmishes between the Muslims and the [invading] British Christians. They made it look like people had to worship some god only twice a week by singing some weird hymns with no rhythm. Jerusalem was to remain important to the Christian Church until the Roman Army destroyed the city in A.D. 70, after which At worst, they destroyed anything the African people held holy, alienating them even further. In 1964, he became the first black Bishop of the Anglican Communion. Also, it isn’t uncommon to see official gatherings being commenced with prayer. Slavery in Nigeria (Summary) Taken together, all evidence presented shows that slave trade in Nigeria had adverse effects on the captives and also on the society at … Christians live predominantly in the South; Muslims are the majority in the North. “Is Nigeria truly one country? Nigerian Army forces man a checkpoint to protect Sunday Christian prayer services in Sokoto, Nigeria on April 14, 2013, where less than 5 percent of the population is Christian. With their ideas and dreams that were larger than life, Christian missionaries began coming to Africa. Over the years, Christianity has grown rapidly. Other churches have since been established since then. And these are only those we know of. What they brought with them was denomination. 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