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[143][c] However, this would only apply to the character as he is depicted in Action Comics #1 (1938). [25][26] Keaton drew the Buck Rogers and Skyroads comic strips. In the original Siegel and Shuster stories, Superman's personality is rough and aggressive. The Authority, as featured on the cover for the Under New Management trade paperback (Nov. 2000). Clark Kent represents the assimilated individual, allowing Superman to express the immigrants' cultural heritage for the greater good. The Death of "Superman Lives": What Happened? Animation called DC Universe Animated Original Movies, beginning with Superman: Doomsday in 2007. Donovan's Billboard Hot 100 topping single "Sunshine Superman" utilized the character in both the title and the lyric, declaring "Superman and Green Lantern ain't got nothing on me. The Superman of Post-Crisis Earth-4 is Captain Allen Adam, the Quantum Superman, and one of the most powerful beings in all of the 52 Earths. Siegel and Shuster appealed, but the appeals court upheld this decision. Siegel aspired to become a writer and Shuster aspired to become an illustrator. Jerry Seinfeld, a noted Superman fan, filled his series Seinfeld with references to the character and in 1997 asked for Superman to co-star with him in a commercial for American Express. The tight-fitting suit and shorts were inspired by the costumes of wrestlers, boxers, and strongmen. Clark developed various superhuman abilities, such as incredible strength and impervious skin. By his own admission, Weisinger had grown out of touch with newer readers. For example, Moses as a baby was sent away by his parents in a reed basket to escape death and adopted by a foreign culture. [4], Siegel and Shuster shifted to making comic strips, with a focus on adventure and comedy. And it took no effort it seemed ��� [234][235][236] Aldo Regalado saw the character as pushing the boundaries of acceptance in America. The drug gives Dunn the powers of mind-reading, mind-control, and clairvoyance. If you find an issue this organization appears in that is not shown here, please edit that issue adding "Quantum Project" in the cast variable field. His ship landed in the American countryside, near the fictional town of Smallville. [140], At that point, Fawcett Comics decided to settle out of court with DC Comics. Gabriel, Ariel), who are airborne humanoid agents of good with superhuman powers. The complicated universe built under Weisinger was beguiling to devoted readers but alienating to casuals. Earth-One ��� Earth-Two ��� Earth-31 ��� Red Son ��� Tangent ��� Calvin Ellis ��� Ultraman ��� Injustice. His foster parents advised him to use his abilities for the benefit of humanity, and he decided to fight crime as a vigilante. Other supporting characters include Jimmy Olsen, a photographer at the Daily Planet, who is friends with both Superman and Clark Kent, though in most stories he doesn't know that Clark is Superman. [13] It contained all-original stories as opposed to reprints of newspaper strips, which was a novelty at the time. As Superman's alter ego, the personality, concept, and name of Clark Kent have become ingrained in popular culture as well, becoming synonymous with secret identities and innocuous fronts for ulterior motives and activities. [57] The name of Superman's home city, Metropolis, was taken from the 1927 film of the same name. Superman (1978) was the first big-budget superhero movie, and its success arguably paved the way for later superhero movies like Batman (1989) and Spider-Man (2002). 1949).[174]. He sees his job as a journalist as an extension of his Superman responsibilities—bringing truth to the forefront and fighting for the little guy. However, the judge also found that the copyright notices that appeared with the Superman newspaper strips did not meet the technical standards of the Copyright Act of 1909 and were therefore invalid. A delegation from Consolidated visited Cleveland that summer on a business trip and Siegel and Shuster took the opportunity to present their work in person. [128], The earliest paraphernalia appeared in 1939: a button proclaiming membership in the Supermen of America club. Superman's secret identity is Clark Joseph Kent, a reporter for the Daily Planet. The first Japanese superhero movie, Super Giant, was released in 1957. It was written by Mark Waid and Alex Ross and painted in gouache by Ross, who also developed the concept from an original idea. Superman's face was based on Johnny Weissmuller with touches derived from the comic-strip character Dick Tracy and from the work of cartoonist Roy Crane. A few stories feature radically altered versions of Superman. [180] Superman's first alien villain, Brainiac, debuted in Action Comics #242 (July 1958). The model sheets for this series were drawn by legendary comics artist Gil Kane and most of the episodes were written by comics writer Marv Wolfman. [35] Wheeler-Nicholson published two of their strips in New Fun Comics #6 (1935): "Henri Duval" and "Doctor Occult". He can break the sound barrier, and in some stories, he can even fly faster than light to travel to distant galaxies. The second oldest periodical is Superman, which began in June 1939. Superman gained the ability to fly in the second episode of the radio serial in 1940. [197][198][199], Superman is the prototypical superhero and consequently the most frequently parodied. Actor Bob Holiday performed as Clark Kent/Superman and actress Patricia Marand performed as Lois Lane. Clark Kent's foster parents are Ma and Pa Kent. Clark Kent resides in the fictional American city of Metropolis, where he works as a journalist for the Daily Planet. See, Superhuman strength, speed, stamina, agility, reflexes, durability, senses, and longevity, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 18:19. [151] New Adventures of Superboy #22 (Oct. 1981) places it in Maryland. Weisinger retired in 1970 and Julius Schwartz took over. They continued collaborating on other projects, but for the time being Shuster was through with Superman. Superman can project and perceive X-rays via his eyes, which allows him to see through objects. Superman took on the role of social activist, fighting crooked businessmen and politicians and demolishing run-down tenements. To deflect suspicion that he is Superman, Clark Kent adopted a largely passive and introverted personality with conservative mannerisms, a higher-pitched voice, and a slight slouch. Astro Boy, first published in 1952, was inspired by Mighty Mouse, which itself was a parody of Superman. [135][136], Siegel wrote most of the magazine and daily newspaper stories until he was conscripted into the army in 1943, whereupon the task was passed to ghostwriters. D&D Beyond [163] This was most notable with Wonder Woman, one of his closest friends, after she killed Maxwell Lord. [67] It is unclear whether Siegel and Shuster were influenced by Friedrich Nietzsche's concept of the Übermensch; they never acknowledged as much.[68]. Shuster provided illustrations, depicting Dunn as a bald man. [132], In a contract dated 1 March 1938, Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster gave away the copyright to Superman to their employer, DC Comics (then known as Detective Comics, Inc.[b]) prior to Superman's first publication in April. [15][16] Although Consolidated expressed interest, they later pulled out of the comics business without ever offering a book deal because the sales of Detective Dan were disappointing. The Siegel heirs called off their deal with DC Comics and in 2004 sued DC for the rights to Superman and Superboy. [97] Weisinger also introduced letters columns in 1958 to encourage feedback and build intimacy with readers.[98]. Jukes". Three Legionnaires ��� Cosmic Boy, Saturn Girl, and Chameleon Boy ��� followed Brainiac back. Nevertheless, Superman popularized the archetype and established its conventions: a costume, a codename, extraordinary abilities, and an altruistic mission. This story was "imaginary" and thus was ignored in subsequent books. The very word "superhero" is derived from "Superman". He has a significant focus of his breath's intensity to the point of freezing targets by blowing on them. Kid Quantum was a member of the Legion of Super-Heroes in the 30th century. Just before the Earth explodes, he escapes in a time-machine to the modern era, whereupon he immediately begins using his superpowers to fight crime. In 1976, National Periodical Publications changed its name to DC Comics, which had been its nickname since 1940. Since 1938, Superman stories have been regularly published in periodical comic books published by DC Comics. DC Comics has not developed a consistent and universal system to classify all versions of Superman. Through the use of a dual identity, Superman allowed immigrants to identify with both of their cultures. Superman can project beams of heat from his eyes which are hot enough to melt steel. His partner and foster brother is Woody Henderson. : The Rise of Superman, Inc", The History Behind Superman's Ever-Changing Superpowers, "When World-views Collide: Philip Wylie in the Twenty-first Century", "Comic with first Superman story sells for $1.5m", "Best-selling comic books of all time worldwide as of February 2015 (in million copies)", "Unbalanced Production: The Comics Business in the 1940s", "Thesp trio eyes 'Nurse'; 'Superman' may fly", "2018 Comic Book Sales to Comic Book Shops", "Young Male Viewers Lift Ratings for 'Smallville, "Retail Sales of Licensed Merchandise Based on $100 Million+ Entertainment/Character Properties", "Superb Manifestations: Five Anniversaries Converge In 2003 For Superman", https://www.supermanhomepage.com/radio/radio.php?topic=r-radio, "The campaign to make a real Kansas town into Superman's Smallville", "The religion of Superman (Clark Kent / Kal-El)", "Why They Won't Save Us: Political Dispositions in the Conflicts of Superheroes", "Crystal Bridges exhibit 'Men of Steel, Women of Wonder' lands in San Antonio", "Men of Steel, Women of Wonder Debuts at San Antonio Museum of Art", "Quickly To The Whitney, And Back Again To San Francisco, Chicago For Andy Warhol Beyond Superstardom", "How Roy Lichtenstein Unwittingly Invented Pop Art", "Mel Ramos, Painter of Female Nudes and Comic Heroes, Dies at 83", "Mr. Brainwash will convert a Richard Meier-designed building into a Beverly Hills art museum", "The In-Your-Face Paintings of Peter Saul", "F. Lennox Campello | Superman Naked | Artsy", "Traveling superhero-themed exhibit comes to Lynchburg College", "Results from the Miami Art Fairs a few Months Ago", "The Ann Arbor Symphony Orchestra Presents MADE IN THE USA Tonight", "The Philosophy of Superman: A Short Course", "Finding America, Searching for Identity", "An Extraordinarily Marketable Man: The Ongoing Struggle for Ownership of Superman and Superboy", List of areas, landmarks, institutions and businesses of Metropolis, Green Lantern/Superman: Legend of the Green Flame, Superman and Wonder Woman: The Hidden Killer. He believes that everybody has the right to know what is going on in the world, regardless of who is involved.[154]. Adam obtained his powers when he was present at an experimental uranium engine that was being tested, which it exploded, turning him into a disembodied mind with no sense of time. Carlson took his place as editor of the Superman comics. [157] Clark's middle name is given variously as either Joseph, Jerome, or Jonathan, all being allusions to creators Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster. Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. This article is a stub. Since 1940, the publisher had placed a logo with the initials "DC" on all its magazine covers, and consequently "DC Comics" became an informal name for the publisher. If they wanted to make a successful comic strip, it had to be something more sensational than anything else on the market. In early concept art, Shuster gave Superman laced sandals like those of strongmen and classical heroes, but these were eventually changed to red boots. [240] The historian Larry Tye suggests that this "Voice of God" is an allusion to Moses' role as a prophet. [81], Whereas comic books in the 1950s were read by children, since the 1990s the average reader has been an adult. This came to an end in late 1940 when new editor Whitney Ellsworth instituted a code of conduct for his characters to follow, banning Superman from ever killing. Carlin was promoted to Executive Editor for the DC Universe books in 1996, a position he held until 2002. Feiffer develops the theme to establish Superman's popularity in simple wish fulfillment,[229] a point Siegel and Shuster themselves supported, Siegel commenting that "If you're interested in what made Superman what it is, here's one of the keys to what made it universally acceptable. In Superman #52 (May 2016) Superman is killed by kryptonite poisoning, and this time he is not resurrected, but replaced by the Superman of an alternate timeline. Superman and Batman versus Aliens and Predator, Superman vs. He uses these powers maliciously for profit and amusement, but then the drug wears off, leaving him a powerless vagrant again. [104] The 1980s saw a boom in the diversity of comic book art and now there is no single "house style" in Superman comics. [117][118][119] The 1978 movie spawned four sequels: Superman II (1980), Superman III (1983), Superman IV: The Quest for Peace (1987) and Superman Returns (2006); the last of which replaced Reeve with Brandon Routh. [160][161] Today, Superman is commonly seen as a brave and kind-hearted hero with a strong sense of justice, morality, and righteousness. [30][31][32] They made Clark Kent a journalist who pretends to be timid, and conceived his colleague Lois Lane, who is attracted to the bold and mighty Superman but does not realize that he and Kent are the same person. [110] Joe Shuster provided model sheets for the characters, so the visuals resembled the contemporary comic book aesthetic.[111]. This page contains a listing of all known appearances of the Quantum Project. This point is debated by historians: Ogon Bat, the Phantom, Zorro, and Mandrake the Magician arguably fit the definition of the superhero yet predate Superman. ),[50] but Superman became far more popular and valuable than they anticipated and they much regretted giving him away. Many of these movies are adaptations of popular comic book stories. This was the most successful and longest-running animated version of Superman.[115]. This show was aimed at adults and focused on the relationship between Clark Kent and Lois Lane as much as Superman's heroics. [126] After DC Comics merged with Warner Communications in 1967, licensing for Superman was handled by the Licensing Corporation of America. Eric, the more serious of the two, is constantly frustrated by his brother's screwball antics. [149] The ship lands in the American countryside, where the baby is discovered by the Kents, a farming couple. Quantum Superman has no quantifiable feats. [158] The character was softened and given a sense of humanitarianism. Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman aired from 1993 to 1997. The arrival of Supergirl, who has been confirmed to be not only from Krypton, but also his cousin, has relieved this loneliness somewhat. Superman is a fictional superhero, who first appeared in American comic books published by DC Comics. The manga and anime series Dr. Slump featured the character Suppaman; a short, fat, pompous man who changes into a thinly veiled Superman-like alter-ego by eating a sour-tasting umeboshi. Since Action Comics #1 (1938), Superman has superhuman strength. [206] Brad Fraser used the character as a reference point for his play Poor Super Man, with The Independent noting the central character, a gay man who has lost many friends to AIDS as someone who "identifies all the more keenly with Superman's alien-amid-deceptive-lookalikes status. The issue was a huge success thanks to Superman’s feature. Lex seemed to enjoy having Metropolis wrapped around his finger by the way he did illegal things without their knowledge while posing as a legitimate businessman. Siegel and Shuster upheld this bargain. [74] Sales data first became public in 1960, and showed that Superman was the best-selling comic book character of the 1960s and 1970s. This concept was first introduced in Man of Steel #1 (1986). The last game centered on Superman was Superman Returns (adapted from the movie) in 2006. [129] Superman #5 (May 1940) carried an advertisement for a "Krypto-Raygun", which was a gun-shaped device that could project images on a wall. Furthermore, since the newspaper strips carried stories adapted from Action Comics, the judge ruled that DC Comics had effectively abandoned the copyright to the Action Comics stories. [94], Mort Weisinger was the editor on Superman comics from 1941 to 1970, his tenure briefly interrupted by military service. [9] In later years, Siegel once recalled that this Superman wore a "bat-like" cape in some panels, but typically he and Shuster agreed there was no costume yet, and there is none apparent in the surviving artwork. In some stories, such as Kingdom Come, not even a nuclear bomb can harm him. "[228], Jules Feiffer has argued that Superman's real innovation lay in the creation of the Clark Kent persona, noting that what "made Superman extraordinary was his point of origin: Clark Kent." [78] Sales declined from that point on. [84] By 1941, the newspaper strips had an estimated readership of 20 million. [130] The majority of Superman merchandise is targeted at children, but since the 1970s, adults have been increasingly targeted because the comic book readership has gotten older. Superman, he notes was very much part of that effort. The Terminator: Death to the Future. It starred George Reeves as Superman. The villains Superman faced in the earliest stories were ordinary humans, such as gangsters, corrupt politicians, and violent husbands; but they soon grew more colorful and outlandish so as to avoid offending censors or scaring children. [133] DC Comics retained Siegel and Shuster, and they were paid well because they were popular with the readers. This page contains a listing of all known appearances of Quantum Mechanics. Siegel was furious because DC Comics did this without having bought the character. Little guy Warner Communications of Superman, Inc. in October 1946 a character from the 1927 of! 2013, Man of Steel, but the appeals court ruled in favor of the show was Mask! An employee of McClure named Max Gaines consequently the most frequently parodied the standard by... Popular in Japan, where he gets his incredible superpowers from Maxwell and Allen,... [ 20 ], Superman was Superman Returns ( adapted from the.. 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